Sinus Infections Treatment Questions and Answers
If you are experiencing symptoms of sinus infections and are looking for a diagnosis and treatment for a sinus infection, visit Fast Aid Urgent Care! For more information, call us or book an online appointment. We have convenient locations to serve you in Bulverde Rd San Antonio TX, Bastrop TX, and Alamo Ranch San Antonio TX.
What is the sinus?
Sinusitis is inflammation, or swelling, of the lining in the sinuses. The sinuses are four cavities in the head. They are connected by very narrow channels. The sinuses start to make thin mucus that then drains out of the channels of the nose. This drainage helps to keep your nose clean and free of bacteria. Normally it’s filled with air, but sometimes the sinuses can become blocked and filled with fluid. When this happens, bacteria can grow and cause infections.
This is also known as rhinosinusitis; the nasal tissue is almost always swollen if the nasal tissues are inflamed.
What causes a sinus infection?
Sinusitis can be caused by a few factors including a virus, bacteria or fungus which swells and blocks the sinuses. A few specific causes can include:
- Common cold
- Nasal and seasonal allergies
- Deviated septum
- Weak immune system from illness or your medications
For children that spend time in daycares, using pacifiers or drinking bottles whilst laying down could increase their chances of getting sinusitis.
While for adults, smoking increases the risks for sinus infections. If you do smoke, you should think about quitting, as smoking is harmful not only to you but also to the people around you.
While you cannot spread bacterial sinusitis, you can spread the viruses that lead to sinusitis. A few common signs and symptoms of sinusitis includes:
- Postnasal drip
- Nasal discharge or stuffy nose
- Facial pressure, headache, and or pain in your teeth or ears
- Bad breath
How long do sinus infections last?
Your healthcare physician will ask you a list of questions when it comes to diagnosing if you have a sinus infection or not in order to develop a detailed medical history and find out any of your symptoms. They may also do a physical exam. During the exam, your physician will check your ears, nose, and throat for any swelling, draining, or blockage. In extreme cases, you may be referred to a specialist for your symptoms.
There are two major forms of sinus infections, they are acute and chronic. Acute sinus infections can last anywhere from ten days to up to eight weeks. A chronic infection lasts much longer and is an ongoing infection. It may seem like the chronic infection is improving, but it comes right back just as severe as before. Chronic sinus infections can drag on for months at a time. Both acute and chronic sinus infections can be either viral or bacterial. Some long-standing infections are known to be fungal.
How do you treat the sinus?
Sinusitis can be treated in several different ways; each depends on how severe the case of sinusitis is.
A simple sinus infection can be treated with:
- Over-the-counter cold and allergy medications
- Nasal saline irrigation
- Drinking fluids
If symptoms of your sinus infection do not improve after 10 days, your doctor may prescribe:
- Oral or topical decongestants
- Prescription intranasal steroid sprays
Chronic sinus infections can be treated by focusing on the underlying condition. This usually is treated by:
- Intranasal steroid sprays
- Topical antihistamine sprays or oral pills
- Leukotriene antagonists to help reduce the swelling and allergy symptoms
- Rinsing the nose with a saline solution that may also contain other types of medications
If you are showing signs or symptoms of a sinus infection, and you want a proper diagnosis to help with treatment, visit Fast Aid Urgent Care today! For more information, call us today or reserve your appointment online. We serve patients from Bulverde Rd San Antonio TX, Windcrest TX, Selma TX. Bastrop TX, Paige TX, Smithville TX, Alamo Ranch San Antonio TX, Leon Valley TX and Helotes TX.